AskDefine | Define raisins

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

raisins
  1. Plural of raisin

French

Noun

raisins p
  1. Plural of raisin; grapes

Extensive Definition

Raisins are dried grapes. They are produced in many regions of the world, such as the United States, Australia, Chile, Argentina, Mexico, Greece, Turkey, India, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Togo, Jamaica, South Africa, Southern and Eastern Europe. Raisins may be eaten raw or used in cooking and baking.

Etymology

The word raisin dates back to Middle English and is a loanword from Old French; in Old French and French, raisin means "grape." while a raisin in French is called a raisin sec, a "dry grape." The Old French word in turn developed from Latin racemus, "a bunch of grapes," The origin of the Latin word is unclear.

Varieties

seealso Dried vine fruit Raisin varieties depend on the type of grape used. Seedless varieties include Thompson Seedless (Sultana) and Flame. Raisins are typically sun-dried, but may also be "water-dipped," or dehydrated. "Golden raisins" are made from Thompsons, treated with Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) , and flame dried to give them their characteristic color. A particular variety of seedless grape, the Black Corinth, is also sun dried to produce Zante currants, mini raisins that are much darker in color and have a tart, tangy flavour. Several varieties of raisins are produced in Asia and are only available at ethnic grocers. Green raisins are produced in Iran. Raisins have a variety of colors (green, black, white, purple) and sizes.

Nutritional value

Raisins are about 60% sugars by weight, most of which is fructose. Raisins are also high in antioxidants, and are comparable to prunes and apricots in this regard.

Sweetness

Raisins are sweet due to their high concentration of sugars. If they are stored for a long period, the sugar inside the fruit crystallizes. This makes the fruit gritty, but does not affect its usability. To de-crystalize raisins, they can be soaked in liquid (alcohol, fruit juice, or boiling water) for a short period, dissolving the sugar.

References

raisins in Arabic: زبيب
raisins in Bavarian: Weinberl
raisins in Catalan: Pansa
raisins in Czech: Rozinky
raisins in Danish: Rosin
raisins in German: Rosine
raisins in Modern Greek (1453-): Σταφίδα
raisins in Spanish: Pasa
raisins in French: Raisin sec
raisins in Indonesian: Kismis
raisins in Italian: Uva sultanina
raisins in Hebrew: צימוק
raisins in Malay (macrolanguage): Kismis
raisins in Dutch: Rozijn
raisins in Japanese: レーズン
raisins in Norwegian: Rosin
raisins in Norwegian Nynorsk: Rosin
raisins in Polish: Rodzynki
raisins in Portuguese: Passa
raisins in Russian: Изюм
raisins in Simple English: Raisin
raisins in Slovenian: Rozine
raisins in Finnish: Rusina
raisins in Swedish: Russin
raisins in Tajik: Мавиз
raisins in Ukrainian: Родзинки
raisins in Yiddish: ראזשינקע
raisins in Chinese: 葡萄乾
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